Le Parti communiste français au miroir de ses partisans : une image contrastée







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Abstract Fr En

critiques — désaveu de la stratégie, discrédit du modèle organisationnel et des membres de l'appareil — qui signale l'importance de zones de fracture au sein de la communauté communiste et témoigne d'une profonde crise d'identité. Mais en même temps la persistance, chez ces procureurs sans indulgence et sans illusions, de «valeurs-refuge» de cette identité communiste, le sentiment que le PC — parti des ouvriers, parti d'un idéal — demeure un parti différent, est la seule solution possible. En définitive, le Parti communiste français se trouve aujourd'hui dans une situation délicate au regard de ses partisans : sommé de changer pour durer, mais contraint de ne pas changer pour ne pas se renier.

Thirty-eight rank-and-file communist in the Grenoble area — of whom 24 are party members — answered a questionaire on their reaction to the traumatic electoral defeat of the Spring of 1981. Two observations can be drawn from their answers. (1) An outpour of criticism — disavowal of the strategy, discredit of the organizational model and of members of the party apparatus — which reveals the extent of discord within the communist community as well as a deep identity crisis. (2) The continuing adherence of these severe critics, disillusioned and little inclined to indulgence, to the "security values" that rnake up the unquestioned communist identity (the conviction remains strong that the PCF is different from other parties, that it is a workers' party and a party devoted to ideals) and remains the only possible choice. The French Communist Party finds itself in a difficult predicament vis-a-vis its supporters : called upon to change if it is to survive, yet obliged to renounce change lest it reneges.

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