January 1, 2018
Lucia-Andreea El-Leathey, « Energy Management System Designed for the Interconnected or Islanded Operation of a Microgrid Using LabVIEW Software », Open Research Library, ID : 10.5772/intechopen.74856
Integration of distributed generation units and other users within the low and medium voltage distribution grid induces a variety of problems related to the management and control of microgrids. These aspects can be solved by using significantly different Energy Management Systems for the operation of microgrids, comparing to those applied to conventional power systems. The main objective of the Energy Management System is to ensure the rational use of energy, while minimizing its costs. The secondary objectives relate to increasing energy efficiency and reducing energy consumption, but especially to assuring the power facilities security. Moreover, the management of power systems to which renewable sources are connected is one of the main concerns of Distribution System Operators in order to ensure the safe operation, security of power supply, and the operation optimization from the economic side. The chapter regards the LabVIEW design and testing of an Energy Management System for the interconnected or islanded operation of a microgrid to the electric public grid. Furthermore, the chapter leads to the microgrids development in terms of operation and efficiency by achieving an Energy Management System designed for a small mixed microgrid with separate AC and DC rings bidirectionally interconnected by static converters.