The Democratization of Education, its Apparent Paradox, a Plausible Explanation, and its Empirical Proof

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Date

January 3, 2

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Sciences Po


Keywords

social origin and education inequalities democratization of education cohorts


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Louis-André Vallet, « The Democratization of Education, its Apparent Paradox, a Plausible Explanation, and its Empirical Proof », Sciences Po Institutional REpository


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Abstract 0

This presentation analyzes temporal trends in the intrinsic association between social origin and educational attainment (in the sense of highest degree obtained) in French society. - First, it aims at establishing stylised facts about temporal dynamics in inequality of educational opportunity according to social origin for French society. - Second, the presentation also especially aims at highlighting that unconditional and conditional analyses conducted on the same data may reveal remarkably opposite trends. - Third, the presentation aims at reconciling these different results, especially by relying on tentative hypotheses developed by Pierre Bourdieu & Jean-Claude Passeron in 1970 in France as well as Robert D. Mare in 1981 in the US. - Fourth, it aims at establishing an empirical proof of these statements on the basis of two longitudinal datasets that are nearly 40 years apart.

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