Migrant Workers and State Boundaries. Reflections on the Transnational Debate from the Colonial Past in Mozambique

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2004

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Lusotopie

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MESR

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Corrado Tornimbeni, « Migrant Workers and State Boundaries. Reflections on the Transnational Debate from the Colonial Past in Mozambique », Lusotopie, ID : 10670/1.plnqaf


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Abstract Pt En Fr

Trabalhadores migrantes e fronteiras entre Estados : reflexões sobre o debate transnacional do passado colonial em Moçambique. Na Africa autral, é possível discutir de que forma alguns elementos em torno do discurso transnacional se desenvolveram ou consolidaram no passado colonial. Em Moçambique, o colonialismo português sob Salazar reforçou distorções sócio-económicas nas relações entre as populações africanas e o poder do estado no território. Os esquemas da circulação de africanos e de controlos coloniais na área central do Distrito da Beira nos anos de 1940 e 19550 indicam que a fronteira internacional era provavelmente mais permeável do que as fronteiras internas, se consideradas em relação ao movimento independente de pessoas e à forma como as ligações internacionais se desenvolveram. No entanto, esta fronteira internacional efectivamente ganhou valor ao longo do tempo se considerarmos o seu impacto nas relações de trabalho migrante com a potência colonial.

In Southern Africa it is possible to discuss how some elements surrounding the transnational discourse developed or consolidated in the colonial past. In Mozambique Portuguese colonialism under Salazar strengthened socio-economic distortions in the relationship between the African population and state power over the territory. The patterns of Africans' circulation and colonial controls in the central area of Beira District in the 1940s and 1950s indicates that the international frontier was probably more permeable than the internal borders, if considered in relation to the independent movement of people and to the way transnational links developed. However, this international frontier effectively gained in value over time if considered for its impact on the migrants' labour relations with the colonial power.

Les travailleurs migrants et les frontières de l'État : réflexions sur le débat transnational du passé colonial au Mozambique. Il est pertinent, dans le cadre de l'Afrique australe, la façon de discuter de la façon dont certains éléments entourant le discours transnational se sont développés ou consolidés à travers le passé colonial. Au Mozambique, le colonialisme portugais sous Salazar a renforcé les distorsions socio-économiques dans les relations entre la population africaine et le pouvoir de l'État à travers le territoire. Les modèles de circulation des Africains et des contrôles coloniaux dans la zone centrale du district de Beira dans les années 1940 et 1950 indiquent que la frontière internationale était probablement plus perméable que les frontières internes, si on les considère en termes du mouvement indépendant des personnes et de la manière dont les liens transnationaux se sont développés. Cependant, cette frontière internationale a effectivement gagné en prégnance avec le temps, si l'on considère son impact sur les relations sociales entre les migrants et le pouvoir colonial.

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